Category Archives: Brand

The Film before The Film

THE FILM before THE FILM from ntsdpz on Vimeo.

If you’ve ever seen a movie, you’ve seen opening titles of some kind. Opening credits have existed pretty much since the beginning of moving pictures, and they are as varied as the films themselves.
“THE FILM before THE FILM” is a short documentary that traces the evolution of title design through the history of film.
This short film was a research project at the BTK (Berliner Technische Kunsthochschule) that takes a look at pioneers like Saul Bass, Maurice Binder and Kyle Cooper by showing the transitions from early film credits to the inclusion of digital techniques, a resurgence of old-school style, and filmmakers' love of typography in space.

If you have any questions, comments or suggestions contact us: filmbeforefilm[at]


Nora Thoes, Damian Pérez

Animation & Cut:
Nora Thoes, Damian Pérez

Text & Translation:
Nora Thoes, Christian Mahler

Sound & Dubbing:
Damian Pérez

Proofreading & Voice:
Demetrius Papadakis

Christian Mahler, Daniel Wangen

Special Thanks to:
Ian Albinson for his suggestions and corrections.
Art of the Title for the wide range of opening titles.

Wal-Mart Settles Worker Suit for $54M


MINNEAPOLIS (Dec. 9) – Wal-Mart Stores Inc. said Tuesday it will pay up to $54.25 million to settle a class-action lawsuit that alleged the discount giant cut workers’ break time and didn’t prevent employees from working off the clock in Minnesota.

The class includes about 100,000 current and former hourly workers who were employed at Wal-Mart Stores and Sam’s Clubs in Minnesota from Sept. 11, 1998, through Nov. 14, 2008.
Wal-Mart has also agreed to maintain electronic systems, surveys and notices to stay compliant with wage and hour policies and Minnesota laws. In July, a Dakota County judge ruled against Wal-Mart in the lawsuit, saying the Bentonville, Ark.-based retailer violated state labor laws 2 million times by cutting worker break time and “willfully” not stopping managers from having employees work off the clock. Court proceedings had been scheduled for next month to determine punitive damages.
Justin Perl, a lead attorney for the plaintifffs, said he was “gratified that these hourly workers will now be paid after seven years of litigation.”
Wal-Mart spokesman David Tovar said the company is committed to paying its workers for all time worked and to make sure they get rest and meal breaks. Managers who violate its policies are subject to punishment including firing, he said.
An undisclosed part of the settlement will go to the state of Minnesota.
Wal-Mart has faced similar litigation in other states. In Pennsylvania, workers won a $78.5 million judgment in 2006 for working off the clock and through rest breaks, and the company was hit with a $172 million verdict in California in 2005 for illegally denying lunch breaks. Wal-Mart appealed those rulings.
Wal-Mart also settled a Colorado lawsuit over unpaid wages for $50 million.
In the Minnesota class-action, Wal-Mart argued that some employees had missed breaks or meals voluntarily. But Judge Robert King Jr. ruled that Wal-Mart knew about and allowed the work.